GRE考试阅读经典句型盘点(101-110)

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编辑点评: 复习GRE阅读考试的部分,除了坚持做真题练习,在做题的过程中锻炼自己的解题能力以外,总结遇到的经典句型,对于GRE阅读的提高也非常有作用。本文为大家总结了一系列GRE阅读考试中的经典句型,希望对大家有所帮助。 GRE考试阅读部分经常会出现的经典句型,有倒装句、省略句等。通过这些实例和句型,大家可以了解和归纳GRE阅读考试的知识点,适当得进行背诵,对大家的作文也一定有所帮助。 101

Although it has been possible to infer from the goods and services actually produced what manufactures and servicing trades thought their customers wanted,only a study of relevant personal documents written by actual consumers will provide a precise picture of who wanted what

尽管有可能从实际制造的商品和服务中可推知制造商和服务业认为他们的顾客所需要的是什么,但只有对由实际顾客撰写的相关的个人文件进行一番研究,方能提供一幅精确的图画,藉以说明 什么样的人 需要什么样的东西。 102

With regard to this last question, we might note in passing that Thompson, while rightly restoring laboring people to the stage of eighteen-century English history, has probably exaggerated the opposition of these people to the inroads of capitalist consumerism in general: for example, laboring people in eighteen-century England readily shifted from home-brewed beer to standardized beer produced by huge, heavily capitalized urban breweries

关于这个最后的问题,我们可以顺便指出,T尽管正确的使劳动人民重返十八世纪英国的历史舞台,但是她又可能吹嘘了这些人对于资本主义消费观在普遍意义上的敌视态度;比如说,十八世纪的英国劳动人民就很容易从家酿的啤酒转而引用由大型的、资本密集的城市酿酒厂生产的标准啤酒。In passing:顺便的、随便的、偶然的 103

The correlation of carbon dioxide with temperature, of course, does not establish whether changes in atmospheric composition caused the warming and cooling trends or were caused by their

当然二氧化碳与大气温度之间的相互联系并不能确定到底是大气成分的变化引起了气候的变暖和变冷的趋势,还是大气成分的变化是由气候的冷暖变化造成的。 104

Such philosophical concerns as the mind-body problem or,more generally,the nature of human knowledge they believe,are basic human questions whose tentative philosophical solutions have served as the necessary foundations on which all other intellectual speculation has rested

他们相信,诸如灵与肉的问题,或更普遍而言,人类知识的性质等此类哲学关注,均是一些基本的人类问题,其探索性的哲学答案已构成一个必要的基础,其它所有的智力思辩均赖以建立其上。 105

The idea of an autonomous discipline called philosophy, distinct from and sitting in judgment on such pursuits as theology and science turns out,on close examination,to be of quite recent origin

细作审视,我们便不难发现,一种被称为 哲学 的独立学科 既有别于神学和科学诸般学科,并高高在上地对其予以评判 的思想,其渊源却是甚为近期的事。 注:sit in judgment on :审视,做出判断;pursuit:不是追求,而是指被从事的事业=occupation, career, interest, etc

turn out:被证明是,实际是 106

They were fighting, albeit discreetly, to open the intellectual world to the new science and to liberate intellectual life from ecclesiastical philosophy and envisioned their work as contributing to the growth, not of philosophy, but of research in mathematics and physics

他们战斗着,尽管是谨慎的,来为学术界打开新科学的大门,而且去把学术生活从宗教哲学中解脱出来,而且他们把自己的工作看成是对科学和物理学而不是对哲学成长做出了贡献。 107

But the recent discovery of detailed similarities in the skeletal structure of the flippers in all three groups undermines the attempt to explain away superficial resemblance as due to convergent evolution the independent development of similarities between unrelated groups in response to similar environmental pressures

但是,最近在所有这三类动物身上,对鳍肢的骨骼结构所存在的细致共同点的发现足以削弱这样一种企图,即把表面上的近似作为趋同进化所致的结果来将其解释掉。而所谓的趋同进化,是指在互不相关的生物群体之间,作为对类似的环境压力作出的反应,彼此独立的发展形成某些相同特征。 108

Human genes contain too little information even to specify which hemisphere of the brain each of a human s 10 neurons should occupy,let alone the hundreds of connections that each neuron makes

人类因基所包含的信息是如此之少,以致于就连去具体规定人类1011的神经细胞中任意一个细胞应占据大脑的哪个半脑都无法做到,更不用提每个神经细胞所会形成的数百种连接。 109

For the woman who is a practitioner of feminist literary criticism, the subjectivity versus objectivity, or critic-as-artist-or-scientist, debate has special significance; for her, the question is not only academic, but political as well, and her definition will court special risks whichever side of the issue it favors

对于一个从事女权主义文学评论的妇女来说,主观性还是客观性,或者说评论家应该做艺术家还是作科学家的争论有着特殊的重要性;对她来说,此问题不仅仅是学术上的,而且还是政治上的,并且她所给出的定义,不管有利于问题的哪一方面,都会招致特殊的风险。 110

If she defines feminist criticism as objective and scientific a valid, verifiable, intellectual method that anyone, whether man or woman , can perform the definition not only precludes the critic-as-artist approach, but may also impede accomplishment of the utilitarian political objectives of those who seek to change the academic establishment and its thinking, especially about sex roles

假如她把女权主义文学评论定义为客观的和科学性的 一个有效的、可证实的、理性的、无论男女都可以使用的方法 那么,这个定义不仅将排挤掉批评家作为艺术家的方法,而且可能会阻碍那些寻求改变学术界的现状的及其思维,特别是有关性别角色的思维的人们的实用主义的政治目标的成就。 以上的归纳和总结,大家自己在平时也要多做多练,祝大家考试成功!


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